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Vijayawada- The City of Victory
Vijayawada, also called as "Bezawada", is 257-km from Hyderabad
and is located on the banks of the Krishna River, and is bounded by the
Indrakiladri hills on the West and the Budameru River on the North. Situated
along the Chennai - Howrah and Chennai-Delhi rail route, this is the largest
railway junction of the South Central Railway. The city forms a part of the
Krishna district, spread over an area of 58-sq- kms (urban area).
Vijayawada or the "City of Victory" if literally translated gets
its name from the legend, which says it was here on the Indrakiladri Hill,
that Arjuna, the Pandava Prince, won the blessings of Lord Shiva for his
penance. During the British rule the city experienced significant growth.
In particular, the completions of the Krishna Barrage and the Railway
Bridge on Krishna have helped the region expand its agricultural and
commercial base. The famous Chinese traveller Hieun T`sang has visited this
city. Today, with excellent communications, perhaps the best in the South
where railways are concerned, Vijayawada become one of the big business
centres of the State. Commercially, culturally and industrially the city is
a very flourishing one.
Best For A Temple Journey
Vijayawada is a must-visit if one wants to go temple hopping in Andhra. The
abode of Kanaka Durga, goddess of power, riches and benevolence, is the
presiding deity of the city. The city is also a base for visiting the
Buddhist sites located around Vijayawada like Amaravati, Gudivada,
Ghantasala and so on.
Also accessible from Vijayawada are the towns of Kuchipudi, Mangalagiri and
Kondapalli, which are famous for dance, temple and handicrafts respectively.
Another important feature of the place is the Krishna Pushkaram an all-India
festival that is held once in twelve years.
The most luscious mangoes, the king of fruits, are grown here and the
region is renowned for its tradition of pickle making. So altogether
Vijayawada presents a colourful and varied picture and can be termed as a
business - cum - pilgrim - cum - tourist centre.
- Prakasam Barrage
Completed in 1957, the Prakasam Barrage is an impressive 1223.5m
long, modern regulator and road bridge that stretches across the
river Krishna. Its panoramic lake and the three canals that run
through the city give Vijayawada a Venetian appearance.
- The Gandhi Stupa
The Gandhi Stupa, 15.8ft high, stands on Gandhi Hill, which was
formally known as "Orr Hill". This Monument built in
memory of Mahatma Gandhi and was inaugurated by the late Prime
Minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1968. It has the teachings
of Gandhi inscribed on stone slabs .The Gandhi memorial Library,
sound and light show and planetarium are added attractions here.
Climb to the top of the hill for a bird's eye view of the town.
- Hazrathbal Mosque
Hazrat Bal Mosque, a site of religious significance in Vijayawada.
A holy relic of Prophet Mohammad is kept here and displayed once a
- Mogalrajapuram Caves
Just 5-km from Vijayawada are the Mogalarajapuram caves having
three cave temples, dating back to the 5th century AD. Out of the 3
cave temples constructed here only one is still in good condition
with the idols of Lord Nataraja, Vinayaka and others. The
Ardhanareeshwara Murthy found here is considered the only one of its
kind in south India.
- Akkana and Madanna Caves
On the way to the Kanakadurga Temple are the rock-cut caves
dedicated to Akkana and Madanna, who were ministers in the court of
Abdul Hasan Tanashah in the 17th century. A short distance away is
another cave that dates back to the 2nd century BC, which hosts the
Hindu trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara.
- Rajiv Gandhi Park
Walk able distance from the new Vijayawada bus stand, this is an
educative park containing built-up structures of dinosaurs and
pre-historic animals, with a playing area where one can spend time
relaxing and learning. Musical Fountain: 7.30 p.m. to 8.15 p.m.
- Gundala Church
Gundala Church is situated on a hillock on the eastern side of the
town, at Gundala. It attracts a large number of devotees. A fair is
held annually in the month of February, in which thousands of
- Victoria Jubilee Regional Museum
The Museum of the Archaeological Department situated on Bandar Road
contains beautiful sculptures and attractive paintings worth seeing.
'Buddha' Alluru inscriptions of first and second centuries, and
Mahishasura Mardhani are some of the important exhibits.
- Undavalli Caves
The Undavalli caves, in the village of Undavalli, are at a distance
of 8-km from Vijayawada and nearly 280-km from Hyderabad . The high
hill overlooking the Krishna river hosts fine specimens of cut-in
architectural and sculptural models.
- Bhavani Island
Located upstream the river Krishna, close to Prakasam Barrage, is
Bhavani Island. Make sure you visit this picturesque island that is
a fantastic picnic spot for holiday-lovers.
- KanakaDurga Temple
Kanaka Durga, goddess of power, riches and benevolence is
considered the presiding deity of Vijayawada. The temple is set on
the Indrakiladri hill. The deity in the Kanaka Durga temple is
regarded as Swayambhu or self-manifested, hence is considered very
powerful. It is said that Adi Sankara visited this temple and
installed the Sri Chakra here.
- Malleswaraswami Temple
Adjacent to the Kanakadurga temple is the shrine of Malleswara
Swamy on the Indrakiladri hill. Mallikarjuna or the Malleswara as he
is known in the Puranas is said to have been installed by
Yudhishthira, the eldest of the Panch Pandavas, as a token of their
victory of the South.
- Vijayeswara Swami Temple
The Vijayeswara temple is set on the Indrakiladri hill in
Vijayawada. The installation of Vijayeswara is said to have been
done by Arjuna, to commemorate his victory with Lord Shiva in the
form of 'Kirata' (hunter).
How To Get There
Vijayawada is an important link in connecting the three regions of Andhra
Pradesh and is a major transit point. Two National Highways, the National
Highway 5 from Chennai to Calcutta and the National Highway 9 from
Machilipatnam to Hyderabad pass through the city connecting it to other
parts of the country. It is connected to other areas of the state, by state
highways and district roads.
Air : The domestic airport located at Gannavaram, about
20-km, from the city connects Vijayawada to Hyderabad and Vishakhapatnam.
It's about a 30-minute flight from Hyderabad.
Rail : Situated along the Chennai- Howrah and
Chennai-Delhi rail route, this is the largest railway junction of the South
Central Railway. There are a number of express and super fast trains that
connect Vijayawada with almost all the important places of the country.
Road : Good motorable roads connect Vijayawada with all
the places within the state and also with the major cities in India.
Transport by road from Vijayawada to all the places of Buddhist interest is
available in the form of Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation
Warangal is located on northern Andhra
Pradesh State lies along the Chennai -Kazipet-Delhi rail route. Warangal was
the ancient capital of the Kakatiyas, an Andhra dynasty that flourished in
the 12th century AD. The city stands out for its beautiful lakes, temples
and wildlife. It is very rich in antiques and relics.
Warangal's fort, lying southeast of the present-day city, was once
surrounded by two walls, traces of the outer wall remain, as do the four
stone gateways ('sanchar') of the inner wall. A thousand-pillared temple,
built in 1162, is located within the city itself. Warangal is now a
commercial and industrial center.
Prola Raja of the Kakatiya dynasty founded the place in the 12th century
AD, but some identify it with Worakalli, the capital of the Adeva Rajas of
Tuluva Andhra or Telengana in the 8th century AD. Warangal or Varankal is
believed to be the Korun Kula of Ptolemy, while another name is
Akshalinagar, evidently Yeksilanagar mentioned by Raghunath Bhaskar in his
The ancient name of Warangal was known to be Orugallu or Omtikonda on
account of huge boulder like hillock situated near the swayambhu Siva Temple
and is also called "EKASILANAGARAM". In course of time, it was
called as "Orugallu", and finally known as Warangal.
Warangal has many places, which attracts tourists in large number. It finds
a reference in the travel diaries of Marco Polo.
- Thousand Pillar Temple
This temple is a fine specimen of Kakatiya architecture and
sculpture. It was built by Rudra Deva in 1163 AD in the style of
Chalukyan temples, star shaped and triple shrined. The 3 shrines are
dedicated to Lord Shiva, Vishnu and Surya. The temple is famous for
its richly carved pillars, screens and detailed sculpture. The black
basalt Nandi, a monolith, has a lovely polished finish.
- Bhadra Kali Temple
Situated on a hilltop between Hanamkonda and Warangal, it is noted
for its stone image of the Goddess Kali. She is depicted with eight
arms and carries a weapon in each hand.
- Warangal Fort
Warangal fort is 12-km from Hanamakonda, which dates back to the
13th century. The Kakatiya king, Ganapati Deva and his daughter
Rudramma built the fort. Though the main fort has been ravaged over
time, the remains of the four huge stone gateways, similar to those
of Sanchi, along with several exquisite pieces of sculpture can
still be seen in and around the fort.
- Ramappa Temple
Also know as Ramalingeswara temple, this is situated in Palampet
village, which is 70-km form Warangal This is a magnificent monument
dating back to 1213 AD depicts the glory and richness of the
Kolanupaka, 80-km from Hyderabad , is situated between Hyderabad
and Warangal. This was the second capital town of Kalyani Chalukyas
during the 11th century AD. During this period the village was a
religious centre of Jains, and ranks among other great Jain centres
in the south. It was also a great centre of Shaivism. Literary
evidences reveal 'Kolanupaka' as the birthplace of 'Renukacharya'
the great 'Vira Saiva' saint, believed to be born from the
'Svayambaghu Linga' at this village and absorbed into it after
preaching Vira Saivism.
- Jain Mandir
The 2,000-year-old Jain temple of Mahaveer is a famous place of
worship for Jains in the country. The temple is embellished with
beautiful images of Thirthankaras. The 5ft high image of Mahavira is
entirely carved of Jade.
- Sri Veeranarayana Temple
The temple is constructed in the Chalukyan style around 1104 AD.
The appearance of the temple indicates that it was originally a Jain
temple converted into a Vaishnava shrine.
- Someshwara Temple
Someswara III the Kalyani Chalukya emperor constructed the temple
of Someswara. Rare specimens of architecture and sculpture of the
western Chalukyan period can be found in this temple.
- Kolanupaka Site Museum
Kolanupaka came into prominence when it was made the alternate
capital of the Kalyani Chalukyas in the 11th century AD. The State
Department of Archaeology and Museums established a sculptural
gallery, which exhibits artifacts from the various historical
monuments in Kolanupaka.
- Pakhal Lake
A manmade lake completed in 1213 AD by the Kakatiya king,
Ganapathidev, by harnessing a small tributary of the Krishna River.
It is located 50-km from Warangal and spreads over an area of
How To Get There
Air : The nearest Airport is Hyderabad (140-km) connected
by Indian Airlines flights with Bombay , Bangalore , Bhubaneshwar , Calcutta
, Delhi , Madras, Nagpur, and Vishakhapatnam. Continental Aviation also
operates flights from Hyderabad to Bombay.
Rail : Warangal is linked to all-important cities in India
Road : Regular bus services are available (APSRTC) from
Hyderabad, Yadagirigutta, Vijayawada, Armur, Kolanupaka, Jangaon, Kodad,
Karimnagar, Nizamabad, Adilabad, Suryapet, Palampet, Jagtial, Khammam,
Bhadrachalam, Basara, Bangalore , Mysore and Tirupati .