Tourism In India |
Tourism in India
Karnataka >> Bangalore
The Fragrant Sandalwood City
Located 770m above sea level and 140 Kms from Bangalore, Mysore, the
imperial city, was the erstwhile capital of the Wodeyars. Also known as the
city of Palaces, Mysore has never failed to mesmerise the tourists with its
quaint charm, rich heritage, magnificent palaces, beautifully laid-out
gardens, imposing buildings, broad shady avenues and sacred temples.
Mysore is the erstwhile capital of Wodeyars, the rulers of Mysore State.
The Wodeyar family ruled Mysore since 14th century except for a short period
of 40 years when Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers. Today Mysore is
one of the major cities of Karnataka. Mysore has emerged as a thriving
market for exotic sandalwood & incense, the Mysore silk sarees and
Mysore is certainly a charming, old-fashioned and undaunting town dominated
by the spectacular Maharaja's Palace, around which the boulevards of the
city radiate. Nearby is the city centre with the colourful and frenetic
Devaraja Market is inviting a stroll.
On the outskirts of Mysore, Srirangapatnam still harbours architectural
gems from the days of the great Indian hero, Tipu Sultan, and the
magnificent Hoysala temple of Somnathpur lies little more than an hour's
In the tenth century Mysore was known as "Mahishur", the town
where the buffalo-demon Mahishashur was slain by the goddess Durga. The word
Mysore expands to "Mahishasurana Ooru", which means the town of
Mahishasura. It is believed that during one of the wars between devils and
demons on the one hand and gods and goddesses on the other, the demon
Mahishasur (Mahishur) overpowered the gods.
The goddess on seeing this, incarnated as the fireceful Chamundi or
Chamundeshwari and consequently, Mahishasura was killed by Her atop the
Chamundi Hill near Mysore. Ever since, the Mysore royal family has
worshipped Chamundeshwari as the palace deity. Hills dedicated to Her stand
at the eastern end of Mysore town to this day.
Hampi, the capital of the famed
Vijayanagara empire was the largest empire in post-mughal India, covering
several states of modern India. The empire reached the acme of art and
architecture under Krishnadevaraya, the Emperor. The Vijayanagara empire
stretched over at least three states - Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Andhra
Pradesh. The destruction of Vijayanagar by marauding Mughal invaders was
sudden, shocking and absolute. Their invasion reduced the city to ruins amid
scenes of savage massacre and horrors beggaring description.
Although in ruins today, Hampi once boasted riches known far beyond the
horizons of India. The ruins of Hampi of the 14th century lies scattered in
about 26 sq. km area, amidst giant boulders and vegetation. The awesome
remains of palaces and gateways of the broken city tells a tale of man's
infinite talent and power of creativity, which is abundantly exhibited in
each of its ruined structures.